I've Got a Finger for Them to Fingerprint
The lead story in today's Toronto Star is an article entitled U.S. to screen Canadians.
As of January 1st, the US Department of Homeland Security has implemented the US-VISIT program, which requires that all visitors and US residents (but not citizens) holding work visas be fingerprinted and photographed when crossing the border. The program has been rolled out at airports and seaports thus far, and the plan is to roll it out at land crossings later this year.
Canadian visitors (and visitors from 26 other countries) are exempt from US-VISIT, but Canadian visa holders are not.
From the article:
Washington sources, who asked not to be named, first said Canadian visa-holders would be photographed and fingerprinted at the discretion of the customs officer at the point of entry, but later said "anybody who has a visa in their passport will go through US-VISIT."
U.S. authorities now will log the complete name, date of birth, citizenship, gender, passport information and American address of all Canadians returning to the United States.
The information will be held by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the U.S. State Department, U.S. Immigration and "appropriate federal, state and local law enforcement personnel."
Homeland Security officials say all information will be protected under the U.S. Privacy Act, but will be held "as long as it is needed."
I think this is reasonable for a country to know who enters and exits its borders, but it is scary to think that there are no limits on who will have access to this information (who defines "appropriate" law-enforcement personnel?), nor are there limits to how long it is kept.
It is interesting to note that biometric identification (like fingerprinting) would likely have stopped some of the 9/11 terrorists on FBI watch lists before they were able to board their flights. At the same time, I am worried about the precedent this sets in terms of tying uniquely identifying information (DNA, fingerprints, retinal scans, etc.) to real-world data and behavioral patterns. You can bet that some government official will want to tie this data to EZ-Pass data, or credit card history, or medical or employment records... and then tie all of that together.
Think Gattaca is terribly far off? Maybe, but you can bet that this is a start down that road.
If I was a US citizen, I would contact the ACLU stat.